The Spectacular Karst Landscape in Thailand: a Geological Formation

The erosion of limestone has formed the spectacular karst landscape in Krabi and Phang Nga Bay (once coral reefs hundreds of millions of years ago) due to the chemical weathering where acid rain, which produces carbonic acid, has dissolved layers of soluble bedrock. Karst landscapes feature limestone cliffs, caves, underground streams, and sinkholes.

The islands of Krabi and Phang Nga Bay were formed by the movements of massive plates of earth and lifted out of the seas. This geological process has created a landscape that really fascinates me, and I have been taking quite some pictures during my stays here. Check them out.

Koh Panyee Karst Landscape

Beautiful rock formations at Koh Panyee in Phang Nga Bay.

The world-famous Maya Bay on Phi Phi Leh in Krabi.

The vertical cliff that juts out of the sea at Poda Island is one of the most photographed limestone cliffs in Krabi.

Krabi's Spectacular Landscape As Viewed From Khao Ngon Nak

Krabi’s spectacular limestone landscape as viewed from Khao Ngon Nak.

The iconic cliff that vertically juts out of the greenish water at James Bond Island in Phang Nga Bay is probably the most famous limestone cliff in all of Thailand.

Phra Nang Beach Limestone Cliffs

Koh Rang Nok (Bird Nest Island) at Phra Nang Beach at Railay.

The karst cliffs at Railay attracts rock climbers from all over the world.

Also read: The Best Places to Stay in Krabi Province

Hong Island boasts a twin bay with incredible limestone scenery.

Hong Island Group as viewed from Ngon Nak

The Hong Island group as viewed from Khao Ngon Nak.

During low tide at Nopparat Thara Beach in Krabi, it’s possible to walk all the way out to the small limestone islands.


Phang Nga Bay karst landscape as viewed from Samet Nangshe Viewpoint.

Kanlapapluk rest area/gas station in Phang Nga Town

Limestone karsts in Phang Nga Town as seen from Kanlapapluk (a rest area/gas station).

Two famous limestone mountains by the river in Krabi Town.

Phra Nang Beach and the Mighty Thaiwand Wall

The Mighty Thaiwand Wall at Phra Nang Beach.

Have you booked your hotel yet? Why pay more if you don’t have to? Agoda offers the best selection of hotels in Thailand to fit your travel budget and preferences.

4 thoughts on “The Spectacular Karst Landscape in Thailand: a Geological Formation

  1. Eric February 8, 2019 / 9:48 am

    Beautiful post!! Thanks for the information on the formations 🙂

    I’d like to visit some of these geological landscapes in the Thai islands, but I’m trying to avoid Koh Phi Phi and any of the other overly crowded islands with tourists. Which of these spots would you recommend to visit which has beautiful formations but the least amount of tourists? If it’s more remote to get to, that’s okay with me!

    Thank you 🙂

  2. Anders February 8, 2019 / 10:24 am

    Hi Eric!

    Just driving around the roads of Krabi is amazing, especially around Nong Thale and Ao Luek Town. Another place I would recommend is Samet Nangshe Viewpoint in Phang Nga, between Phuket and Krabi: (Sunrise) (Daytime)

    Taking a longtail boat trip in Phang Nga Bay is also breathtaking. However, James Bond Island is very touristy so you might want to skip that.

    Good luck 🙂

    • Eric February 8, 2019 / 1:13 pm

      Thank you for the recommendation! I’ve heard Krabi is extremely touristic as well, but maybe not all of it!
      Would you say that Nong Thale and Ao Leuk town are not as touristic?

      Samet Nagshe viewpoint looks stunning, but I’m more looking for a beach spot 🙂

      Thank you so much!

      • Anders February 8, 2019 / 3:59 pm

        Yes, Nong Thale and Ao Luek is not touristy at all!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.