The Spectacular Karst Landscape in Thailand: a Geological Formation

The erosion of limestone has formed the spectacular karst landscape in Krabi and Phang Nga Bay (once coral reefs hundreds of millions of years ago) due to the chemical weathering where acid rain, which produces carbonic acid, has dissolved layers of soluble bedrock. Karst landscapes feature limestone cliffs, caves, underground streams, and sinkholes.

The islands of Krabi and Phang Nga Bay were formed by the movements of massive plates of earth and lifted out of the seas. This geological process has created a landscape that really fascinates me, and I have been taking quite some pictures during my stays here. Check them out.

Koh Panyee Karst Landscape

Beautiful rock formations at Koh Panyee in Phang Nga Bay.

The world-famous Maya Bay on Phi Phi Leh in Krabi.

Poda Island's famous limestone cliff

The vertical cliff that juts out of the sea at Poda Island is one of the most photographed limestone cliffs in Krabi.

Krabi's Spectacular Landscape As Viewed From Khao Ngon Nak

Krabi’s spectacular limestone landscape as viewed from Khao Ngon Nak.

James Bond Island - Amazing Scenery!

The iconic cliff that vertically juts out of the greenish water at James Bond Island in Phang Nga Bay is probably the most famous limestone cliff in all of Thailand.

Phra Nang Beach Limestone Cliffs

Koh Rang Nok (Bird Nest Island) at Phra Nang Beach at Railay.

World-famous Railay Beach

The karst cliffs at Railay attracts rock climbers from all over the world.

Also read: The Best Places to Stay in Krabi Province

Koh Hong (Hong Island) in Krabi

Hong Island boasts a twin bay with incredible limestone scenery.

Hong Island Group as viewed from Ngon Nak

The Hong Island group as viewed from Khao Ngon Nak.

Nopparat Thara Beach at low tide

During low tide at Nopparat Thara Beach in Krabi, it’s possible to walk all the way out to the small limestone islands.


Phang Nga Bay karst landscape as viewed from Samet Nangshe Viewpoint.

Kanlapapluk rest area/gas station in Phang Nga Town

Limestone karsts in Phang Nga Town as seen from Kanlapapluk (a rest area/gas station).

River in Krabi Town

Two famous limestone mountains by the river in Krabi Town.

Phra Nang Beach and the Mighty Thaiwand Wall

The Mighty Thaiwand Wall at Phra Nang Beach.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.